Re-emergence of diphtheria outbreak in Nigeria: Efforts, Challenges and Recommendations

Authors

  • Jeremiah Oluwamayowa Omojuyigbe Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria
  • Mr Faculty of Pharmacy, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
  • Miss Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Bamidele Olumilua University, Ikere Ekiti, Ekiti
  • Mr Faculty of Clinical Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State
  • Miss Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
  • Mr Faculty of Pharmacy, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31646/gbio.236

Keywords:

diphtheria, disease outbreaks, nigeria, epidemic

Abstract

Diphtheria is a contagious and potentially fatal disease caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae, a bacterium widely recognised for producing a potent exotoxin, and this disease has reemerged in Nigeria. In July 2023, the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (NCDC) published a report confirming an increase in Diphtheria cases in some states, especially in children between 1 and 14 years, the age group primarily affected by the disease. To battle the resurgence of Diphtheria, the NCDC started particular response activities, including training in the affected states, routine immunization, and media partnership. The Federal Ministry of Health also joined hands with the NCDC to plan and enact mass vaccination campaigns, among other key interventions. However, these efforts to curb the resurgence of diphtheria in Nigeria have been met with some challenges such as vaccination gaps, poor management and diagnosis of diphtheria cases, and inadequate strategies for timely response. As a form of a way forward for the prevention and management of diphtheria, effective collaboration, strategic increase in diphtheria booster vaccination in traced contacts, and vaccination in high-risk populations, mass education and sustainable practices are essential. There is also a need to ensure adequate access to vulnerable populations, especially the rural areas.

 

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Published

2024-05-01

How to Cite

Omojuyigbe, J. O., Aluko, P. O., Omojuyigbe, D. T., Ogundipe, T. O., Odedeyi, B. O., & Oloyede, V. O. (2024). Re-emergence of diphtheria outbreak in Nigeria: Efforts, Challenges and Recommendations. Global Biosecurity, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.31646/gbio.236

Issue

Section

Editorials and Commentaries
Received 2023-10-09
Accepted 2024-02-08
Published 2024-05-01