Research Articles

Epidemiological and Entomological Investigation of Chikungunya Fever Outbreak, in Serdang Bedagai District, North Sumatera Province, Indonesia, 2013

Authors:

Abstract

Background: Chikungunya is a serious emerging arbovirus in Indonesia. On 12 October 2013, an outbreak of chikungunya was reported in Serdang Bedagai District, North  Sumatera, Indonesia.

Objective: An epidemiological investigation was conducted to identify the risk factors for the outbreak and recommend control measures.

Method: A 1:1 matched case-control study was conducted. A case of chikungunya was defined as a previously well resident of Sei Suka Subdistrict who had clinical symptoms of chikungunya fever such as fever, arthralgia, myalgia, rash and headache of at least two days duration between 8 August and 17 November 2013. Cases were identified by active case finding through the affected area; a control was defined as a neighbor of a case that did not have clinical signs and symptoms of chikungunya, matched for age and gender. Blood samples were tested using ELISA assay to confirm the presence of anti-CHIKV specific IgM antibody.

Results: Total of 94 cases and 94 controls were included in the case control study. Age ranged from 1 year to 76 years (median 35 years) and 57% were female. In multivariate analyses, being a household contact of a chikungunya case (adjusted OR=11.4, 95%CI=4.69-27.55) and lack of routinely eliminating mosquito breeding sites were risk factors (adjusted OR=3.3, 95%CI=1.50-7.05). Six out of ten cases were positive for CHIKV IgM antibody.

Conclusions: In this confirmed outbreak of chikungunya, using anti mosquito measures were protective, reinforcing the need for routine elimination of mosquito breeding sites as well as control measures in affected households and communities.

Keywords:

outbreakinvestigationchikungunya fevercase control
  • Year: 2019
  • Volume: 1
  • DOI: 10.31646/gbio.29
  • Submitted on 13 May 2019
  • Published on 12 Aug 2019
  • Peer Reviewed